Gasotransmitters in the tumor microenvironment: Impacts on cancer chemotherapy (Review)

Zhikal Omar Khudhur, Zhikal and Ali Hama, Harmand (2022) Gasotransmitters in the tumor microenvironment: Impacts on cancer chemotherapy (Review). Molecular Medicine REPORTS, 26 (1).

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Nitric oxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulfide are three endogenous gasotransmitters that serve a role in regulating normal and pathological cellular activities. They can stimulate or inhibit cancer cell proliferation and invasion, as well as interfere with cancer cell responses to drug treatments. Understanding the molecular pathways governing the interactions between these gases and the tumor microenvironment can be utilized for the identification of a novel technique to disrupt cancer cell interactions and may contribute to the conception of effective and safe cancer therapy strategies. The present review discusses the effects of these gases in modulating the action of chemotherapies, as well as prospective pharmacological and therapeutic interfering approaches. A deeper knowledge of the mechanisms that underpin the cellular and pharmacological effects, as well as interactions, of each of the three gases could pave the way for therapeutic treatments and translational research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gasotransmitter, NO, H2S, TME, cancer chemotherapy
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: ePrints deposit
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2022 07:55
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2022 07:55

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