Assessment of COVID-19 vaccination among healthcare workers in Iraq; adverse effects and hesitancy

Darweesh, Omeed and KhatabI, Nasir and Kheder, Ramiar and Mohammed, Thulfiqar and Abdulsattar Faraj, Tola and Ali, Sabah and Ameen, Muath and Kamal-Aldin, Azad and Alswes, Mohammed and AlJomah, Naif (2022) Assessment of COVID-19 vaccination among healthcare workers in Iraq; adverse effects and hesitancy. PLOS ONE, 17 (11).

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Several messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and inactivated COVID-19 vaccines are available to the global population as of 2022. The acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine will play a key role in combating the worldwide pandemic. Public confidence in this vaccine is largely based on its safety and effectiveness. This study was designed to provide independent evidence of the adverse effects associated with COVID-19 vaccines among healthcare workers in Iraq and to identify the attitudes of healthcare workers who rejected the vaccination. We conducted a cross-sectional study to collect data on the adverse effects of the Pfizer, AstraZeneca, and Sinopharm vaccines. Data were collected between October 2021 and February 2022. A total of 2,202 participants were enrolled in the study: (89.97%) received injections of the COVID-19 vaccines and (10.03%) were hesitant to receive the vaccination. Participants received either the Pfizer vaccine (62.9%), AstraZeneca vaccine (23.5%) or Sinopharm vaccine (13.6%). Most adverse effects were significantly less prevalent in the second dose than in the first dose. Notably, the adverse effects associated with the Pfizer vaccine were significantly more prevalent in females than in males. Following the first dose, the participants experienced more adverse effects with the AstraZeneca vaccine. Following the second dose, more adverse effects were associated with the Pfizer vaccine. Interestingly, the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in participants who received two doses of the Pfizer vaccine was significantly reduced compared to those who received two doses of either the AstraZeneca or Sinopharm vaccines. According to vaccine-hesitated participants, insufficient knowledge (29.9%), expeditious development (27.6%) and lack of trust in the vaccines (27.1%) were the three major reasons for refusing the vaccines. The results of our study indicated that these adverse effects do not present a significant problem and should not prevent successful control of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
R Medicine > RT Nursing
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Depositing User: ePrints deposit
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2023 13:25
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2023 13:25

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