People with diabetes adherence to drug, dietary, and lifestyle changes in Erbil city, Iraq

Majeed Saleh, Abubakir (2022) People with diabetes adherence to drug, dietary, and lifestyle changes in Erbil city, Iraq. BMC Endocrine Disorders, 22.

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Background Since diabetes has serious complications that might result in life-long handicaps or even death, it is vital to ensure that people have reasonable control of the disease, which is eventually by good adherence to drugs, diet, and a good lifestyle. People non-adherence to any part of the therapy program for diabetes might result in worsening the condition. This study aimed to evaluate the compliance of people with diabetes to drug, diet, and lifestyle changes in Erbil city, Iraq. Patients and methods A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 288 people with diabetes visiting Layla Qasim Health Center for people with diabetes in Erbil city, Iraq. Data were collected by interviewing the participants and filling out a questionnaire. The survey demonstrated the socio-demographic status, history, information about the participant's condition, frequency of self-monitoring, medication use, the impact of the surroundings and people's concerns, diet, and lifestyle of the participants. Results Of 202 participants responded to the questionnaire, 56.9% were female. The mean age was 52.53 ± 13.882 years. 85.6% of the participants were taking the medication regularly, and 78.8% of the participants followed a recommended diet by their doctors. Only 56.4% were exercising, with a majority being male, 70.1%.A strong association was found between gender and doing exercise, educational level and taking the medication regularly, duration of the disease, and following the recommended diet. Conclusions The adherence to taking the medication regularly is high, in which single most important cause is following up with their doctors. In contrast, adherence to lifestyle recommendations was suboptimal and essential in managing diabetes. Another reason is that educational level plays a role in understanding the importance of following the recommended lifestyle by the doctor.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Drug adherence, Iraq
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Depositing User: ePrints deposit
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2023 13:43
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2023 13:43

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