Minority Representation and Reserved Legislative Seats in Iraqi Kurdistan

Hassan Abdullah, Farhad and Hasan Hama, Hawre (2020) Minority Representation and Reserved Legislative Seats in Iraqi Kurdistan. Contemporary Review of the Middle East.

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Ethnic and religious minorities have played a significant role in the long history of Kurdistan. At an official level, their political position was significantly strengthened with the advent of autonomy for the Kurdistan Region in northern Iraq in 1992. Most importantly, a quota system was established that reserved seats for several minority groups in the Kurdistan Parliament, often cited as an example of tolerance for diversity and respect for minority rights. Nevertheless, there is a lack of empirical research examining how ethnic and religious quotas affect democratic stability, quality of representation, and opportunities to represent authentic interests within the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). The politicians who occupy the reserved seats have come under criticism for merely supporting the policy programs of the dominant Kurdish parties, which deprives ethnic and religious minority groups of authentic representation and exposes the minority parties to allegations that they are politically exploited. This article analyzes the dynamics of minority political participation in Iraqi Kurdistan, how representation has been affected by the dominance of the ruling parties, and factors that guide the behavior of minority politicians while serving in quota-allocated positions. It also examines the effects of reserving seats through the quota system on the political behavior of minority groups. To these ends, this article focuses on parliamentary quotas and their impact on democratic stability, decision-making, and the empowerment of minority groups in the Kurdistan Region.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ethnic–religious minorities, quota system, reserved seats, parliaments, political participation, Iraqi Kurdistan, Kurdish Regional Government (KRG)
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Depositing User: ePrints deposit
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2021 14:02
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2021 14:02
URI: http://eprints.tiu.edu.iq/id/eprint/331

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