The vasodilatory mechanism of nitric oxide and hydrogen sulfide in the human mesenteric artery in patients with colorectal cancer

Salihi, Abbas (2021) The vasodilatory mechanism of nitric oxide and hydrogen sulfide in the human mesenteric artery in patients with colorectal cancer. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 21. pp. 1-8. ISSN 17920981

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Recent studies have focused on the role of gasotransmitters in cancer progression and prevention. Therefore, the current study was designed to explore the vasodilator activity of NO and H2S in the human mesenteric arteries of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) via the activation of K+ channels. A total of two sets of experiments were established for the current investigation. Blood samples from patients with CRC were obtained to detect serum levels of endocan and malondialdehyde (MDA). The role of K+ channels in mediating the vasodilation of the human mesenteric artery in response to sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and sodium disulfide (Na2S) was assessed. The level of serum endocan was indicated to be decreased in patients with CRC compared with healthy individuals, while the level of serum MDA remained unaltered between groups. The arterial rings pre‑contracted with norepinephrine were first relaxed by the cumulative addition of increasing concentrations of either SNP (30 nM‑30 µM) or (1‑6 mM). Maximal relaxation rates were then calculated at 15 min intervals for 60 min. Pre‑incubation of arterial rings for 20 min with individual K+ channel blockers was indicated to significantly reduce SNP‑ and Na2S‑induced relaxation at different time points. Pre‑treatment of L‑nitro‑arginine methyl ester did not alter vasodilation that was induced by Na2S. Furthermore, vasodilation of the CRC mesenteric artery was not altered by the synergistic application of SNP and Na2S, while pre‑incubation of arterial rings with D,L‑propargylglycine significantly enhanced vasodilation induced by SNP. These results indicated that endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress do not serve roles in the pathogenesis of CRC. The dilatory mechanisms of NO and H2S in mesenteric arteries of patients with CRC were K+ channel‑ and time‑dependent, and the activity of cystathionine γ‑lyase enzyme inhibited the ability of exogenous NO in vasodilation processes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: nitric oxide, hydrogen sulfide, mesenteric arteries, potassium channels, colorectal cancer
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Depositing User: ePrints deposit
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2021 08:26
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2021 08:26

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