Model Reduction and Analysis for ERK Cell Signalling Pathway Using Implicit-Explicit Rung-Kutta Methods

M. Rasool, Hemn and A. Pirdawood, Mardan and A. Sabawi, Younis and H. Mahmood, Roshna and A. Khalil, Prshng (2022) Model Reduction and Analysis for ERK Cell Signalling Pathway Using Implicit-Explicit Rung-Kutta Methods. Proceedings of to the 9th Scientific Conference of University of Garmian: Pure science and Technology Applications (SCUG-PSTA-2022)..

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Many complex cell signalling pathways and chemical reaction networks include many variables and parameters; this is sometimes a big issue for identifying critical model elements and describing the model dynamics. Therefore, model reduction approaches can be employed as a mathematical tool to reduce the number of elements. In this study, we use a new technique for model reduction: the Lumping of parameters for the simple linear chemical reaction network and the complex cell signalling pathway that is extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways. Moreover, we propose a high-order and accurate method for solving stiff nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The curtail idea of this scheme is based on splitting the problem into stiff and non-stiff terms. More specifically, stiff discretization uses the implicit method, and nonlinear discretization uses the explicit method. This is consequently leading to a reduction in the computational cost of the scheme. The main aim of this study is to reduce the complex cell signalling pathway models by proposing an accurate numerical approximation Runge-Kutta method. This improves one's understanding of such behaviour of these systems and gives an accurate approximate solution. Based on the suggested technique, the simple model's parameters are minimized from 6 to 3, and the complex models from 11 to 8. Results show that there is a good agreement between the original models and the simplified models.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ERK Cell signalling pathways, Mathematical model, Runge-Kutta method, Model dynamics, Numerical simulation, Comparison simulations.
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Depositing User: ePrints deposit
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2023 13:38
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2023 13:38

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